|Constituent Assembly of Nepal|
The Politics of Nepal function within a framework of a republic with a multi-party system. Currently, the position of President (head of state) is occupied by Ram Baran Yadav. The position of Prime Minister(head of the government) is held by Dr. Baburam Bhattarai. Executive power is exercised by the Prime Minister and his cabinet, while legislative power is vested in the Constituent Assembly. Baburam Bhattarai is an ex-terrorist who had interpol Red Corner notice issued against him. The Supreme Court of Nepal has declared the government of Nepal to be illegal and unconstitutional as the latter has kept extending it’s governing tenure by bringing in innumerable amendments to the constitution. The justice system of Nepal has blamed the government for continuous contempt of court.Until May 28, 2008, Nepal was a constitutional monarchy.On that date, the constitution was altered by the Constituent Assembly to make the country a republic.The 601-member Constituent Assembly of Nepal was established by Nepal’s interim constitution in 2007 to draft a new permanent constitution for the country and serve as its interim legislature.
Nepalese constituent assembly election was held on April 10, 2008 after two failure attempts since the end of direct rule of king Gyanendra.The assembly will have 601 members – 240 elected under first-part-the-post system, 335 elected under proportional representative system and 26 to be nominated by the council of ministers.The election gave victory to Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist) who had been raising the demands of a constituent assembly since it waged civil war in 1996.Maoist won 120 seats in FPTP and secured over 30 percent of the total votes caste under PR system. The election commission is yet to announce the seat distribution under the PR system.The election swept away Nepali Congress, that ruled for most of the years after the restoration of democracy in 1990, and Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Marxist Leninist), expected to be the largest party after the polls.
The constituent assembly will abolish the monarchy, which ruled Nepal for the last 240 years, Shah dynasty. King Gyanendra Bir Bkram Bikram Shah will be the last king of this dynasty.Additionally, the assembly will write new constitution for Nepal, supposed to be communist dominated.The assembly is composed of 23 political parties. Nepali Congress, CPN (UML) and Madhesi Jahadhikar Forum including the Maoist are the major parties agreed to write a constitution to replace the interim one within 2 years. However, uncooperative and “selfish” behavior of the political parties has been cited as the major cause behind the de-railing of the peace process.
For detail :