Constituent Assembly of Nepal

Constituent Assembly of Nepal
    The Politics of Nepal function within a framework of a republic with a multi-party system. Currently, the position of President (head of state) is occupied by Ram Baran Yadav. The position of Prime Minister(head of the government) is held by Dr. Baburam Bhattarai. Executive power is exercised by the Prime Minister and his cabinet, while legislative power is vested in the Constituent Assembly. Baburam Bhattarai is an ex-terrorist who had interpol Red Corner notice issued against him. The Supreme Court of Nepal has declared the government of Nepal to be illegal and unconstitutional as the latter has kept extending it’s governing tenure by bringing in innumerable amendments to the constitution. The justice system of Nepal has blamed the government for continuous contempt of court.Until May 28, 2008, Nepal was a constitutional monarchy.On that date, the constitution was altered by the Constituent Assembly to make the country a republic.The 601-member Constituent Assembly of Nepal was established by Nepal‘s interim constitution in 2007 to draft a new permanent constitution for the country and serve as its interim legislature.
Nepalese constituent assembly election was held on April 10, 2008 after two failure attempts since the end of direct rule of king Gyanendra.The assembly will have 601 members – 240 elected under first-part-the-post system, 335 elected under proportional representative system and 26 to be nominated by the council of ministers.The election gave victory to Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist) who had been raising the demands of a constituent assembly since it waged civil war in 1996.Maoist won 120 seats in FPTP and secured over 30 percent of the total votes caste under PR system. The election commission is yet to announce the seat distribution under the PR system.The election swept away Nepali Congress, that ruled for most of the years after the restoration of democracy in 1990, and Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Marxist Leninist), expected to be the largest party after the polls.
The constituent assembly will abolish the monarchy, which ruled Nepal for the last 240 years, Shah dynasty. King Gyanendra Bir Bkram Bikram Shah will be the last king of this dynasty.Additionally, the assembly will write new constitution for Nepal, supposed to be communist dominated.The assembly is composed of 23 political parties. Nepali Congress, CPN (UML) and Madhesi Jahadhikar Forum including the Maoist are the major parties agreed to write a constitution to replace the interim one within 2 years. However, uncooperative and “selfish” behavior of the political parties has been cited as the major cause behind the de-railing of the peace process.
Ram Baran Yadav
(President)
    Almost two months after Nepal was declared a republic, lawmakers Monday voted Ram Baran Yadav, a physician, as its first ever president. Yadav, who is in his 60s, was declared the president in a runoff election after none of the three candidates could get a majority in the first round held on Saturday, announced Kul Bahadur Gurung, chairman of the constituent assembly. Yadav was the general secretary of the Nepali Congress party and belongs to the ethnic minority Madhesi group from Nepal’s troubled southern region.  Nepal’s first-ever President Ram Baran Yadav took the oath of office Wednesday, two days after his election. Yadav, a physician in his 60s, was elected president on Monday by Nepal’s constituent assembly, almost two months after the country was declared a republic, putting an end to the 239-year-old monarchy. People lined the streets, which were emptied of vehicles, as the presidential motorcade drove about five miles (8 km) from Yadav’s home to the presidential offices. He was driven in the bulletproof vehicle previously used by Nepal’s kings. 
Pushpa Kamal Dahal
(Prachanda)
     The Maoists, as the largest party of the country, took power right after the elections and named Pushpa Kamal Dahal (Prachanda) as the Prime Minister of the country. CPN UML also joined this government, but the Nepali Congress took the part of the main opposition party. People soon saw that the country’s situation deteriorated and political turmoils were in store.Prachanda soon fell into a dispute with the then army chief Rookmangud Katwal and decided to sack him. But the President Ram Baran Yadav, as the supreme head of military power in the country, revoked this decision and gave the army chief additional time in office. An angry Prachanda and his party quit the government, majorly citing this reason and decided to operate as the main opposition to the government headed by CPN UML and its co-partner Nepali Congress afterwards. Madhav Kumar Nepal was named the Prime Minister.The Maoists have been to this date demanding civilian supremacy.Nearly after 6 and half months of being on the Prime Minister of Nepal,Jhalanath Khanal finally resigned today by submitting resignation to president Dr Ram Baran Yadav. Khanal himself had previously set the deadline to resign by 13th of August if he couldn’t advance the peace process, which he failed to execute yesterday. Surprisingly, after a central committee meeting of his own party Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Marxist Leninist), Jahalanath Khanal announced his resignation from the post.
Madhav Kumar Nepal
    The Maoists have been forcing closures – commonly known as bandhs(strike) – in the country, and have also declared autonomous states for almost all the ethnic groups in Nepal – seen as a part of revenge against the action that foiled their decision to sack the army chief.Political leaders continue to discuss plans to end this turmoil, but none of the talks have been successful. Rising inflation, economic downturn, poverty, insecurity and uncertainty are the major problems. Many analysts opine that freedom has brought anarchy to the country. Many doubt that the political parties will succeed in writing a constitution
Jhalnath Khanal
    The United Democratic Madhesi Front’s support played a decisive role in Dr. Bhattarai’s win, based on a four-point agreement reached earlier today between the UCPN (Maoist) and the Front on matters relating to peace, constitution and a coalition government. Voting in favour of Dr. Bhattarai were  the Madhesi Janadhikar Forum Nepal, the CPN (ML-Socialist), the Rastriya Janamorcha, the CPN (Unified), the CPN (United), the Samajbadi Janata Dal, the Nepal Pariwar Dal, the Nepal Sadbhawana Party (Giri), the Rastriya Janamukti Party and the Nepal Democratic Socialist Manch, besides his party the UCPN (Maoist).Later on the Maoists was seen to have fragmented on two sides from within,not legally as a separate party. The one was the side of Chairman Pushpa Kamal Dahal (Prachanda) and the other one is of Mohan Bhaidhya(Kiran). Vice-chairman of the UCPN (Maoist), Dr. Baburam Bhattarai was elected the Prime Minister of Nepal. In the elections held at  the meeting of the Legislature-Parliament, Dr. Bhattarai won with 340 votes. His only contender, Nepali Congress Vice-president Ram Chandra Poudel garnered 235 votes. A total of 575 votes were cast today out of the total 594 members present in the Legislature-Parliament.
     Likewise, NC leader Poudel received votes from the CPN-UML, the CPN-ML, the Rastriya Prajatantra Party, the Rastriya Janashakti Party, Independent MP Baban Singh and other fringe parties, including his own party NC. Nepal Workers and Peasants Party and the Rastriya Prajatantra Party Nepal did not take part in the voting today.The amended regulations of the Legislature-Parliament however provide that the MPs cannot abstain from the voting and can do so only with a valid reason for absence. The regulations was amended after 16 rounds of elections held last year for the post of the Prime Minister failed to bear any result as MPs were allowed to stay neutral. Announcing the result, Speaker Subas Nembang wished Dr. Bhattarai success in achieving a national consensus and realizing lasting peace and a new constitution.The most of the achievements were made in the Prime Ministership of Baburam Bhattarai. The Maiost army joined Nepal Army, the voting system, drafting systems,etc got improved. The main thing that is left is to have agreement on Fedral State Classificaton which has invited lot of strikes during the Board Exam of 11 conducted by various JanJathi to have the state named to give their identity.Nepal Premier Baburam Bhattarai  formed a national unity government by appointing 12 ministers from the main opposition parties. Kathmandu: Nepal Premier Baburam Bhattarai on Saturday formed a national unity government by appointing 12 ministers from the main opposition parties, two days after his cabinet quit as part of a negotiated effort to quell political tumult in the country. The Premier formed the government as per the deal reached among the major political parties on Thursday night to expedite the peace process and to draft the new Constitution within the May 27 deadline. The 12-member cabinet included two deputy Prime Ministers. The Prime Minister inducted ministers from UCPN (Maoist), Nepali Congress and United Democratic Madhesi Front (UDMF) in the cabinet. He appointed Deputy Prime Minister Narayan Kaji Shrestha and four other ministers from the UCPN-Maoist. However, their portfolio are not yet decided. The Prime Minister also appointed Bijaya Gachhadar as Deputy Prime Minister with the portfolio of Home Affairs and four other ministers from Joint Democratic Madhesi Front.Nepal`s second largest communist party CPN-UML on Tuesday agreed to join the Maoist-led national unity government and forwarded the names of its two leaders to represent the party in the Cabinet. CPN-UML`s general secretary Ishwor Pokharel and leader of the party Radha Gyawali are set to join the Prime Minister Baburam Bhattarai-led government on Wednesday. They will be sworn-in as ministers tomorrow, CPN-UML sources told a news agency. Deputy Prime Minister Narayan Kaji Shrestha confirmed this, saying “we have received the names of two leaders from UML.” “They will be sworn in tomorrow,” he told reporters. Nepali Congress and Joint Democratic Madhesi Front have already joined the unity government. The three parties control more than two-thirds of the 601-seat assembly, meaning their proposals are likely to be adopted. This will complete the formation of a national unity government paving way for the parties to agree on a long-awaited new constitution, said UML leader Bhim Rawal. The three parties have also agreed to adopt mixed type of governance system and to divide Nepal into 11 federal states. Under the mixed system, the directly elected president with a limited powers will act as head of the state while the Prime Minister elected through the Parliament vested with executive powers will act as head of government. The supremacy of the Parliament will be maintained under this. However, the Madhesi parties have rejected the 11 state model agreed by the three major parties.

Baburam Bhattarai
(Prime Minister)
       Responding to a writ petition, Nepal’s Supreme Court on May 24,2012 on Thursday issued an interim stay order against the government’s proposal to amend the interim constitution and extend the term of the Constituent Assembly. A single bench of Chief Justice Khila Raj Regmi passed the order.On November 25, the Court had issued an order in name of the chairman of the Constituent Assembly, the Prime Minister and Office of Council of Ministers, declaring that the extension of the CA, ending on May 27, would be the last one and the CA must promulgate the constitution within the stipulated deadline. If the CA failed to do so, said the Court, its term would end, and there should either be fresh elections for a new CA, or referendum or any other ‘appropriate arrangements’ according to the constitution. A review petition filed against the decision, on the grounds that this was entirely a political decision beyond the prerogative of the judiciary, was quashed by the Court.
      On Tuesday, an all-party meeting agreed to initiate the process to amend the interim constitution and extend the CA’s term by another three months. The Cabinet endorsed the decision, and tabled an amendment bill in the legislature-Parliament accordingly. The Nepali Congress and Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Marxist Leninist) have since backtracked from the agreement, and opposed an extension.In its verdict on Thursday, the Supreme Court said instead of taking steps towards the alternatives it proposed — elections, referendum or other appropriate arrangements — the government had acted as if there was no Court decision at all by initiating the process to amend the interim constitution to extend the CA. This, it said, was in violation of the earlier Court order as well constitutional provisions. Since the decision was ‘faulty’, the Court issued the order.
Khil Raj Regmi
(Chief Justice)
        In a separate case against the Prime Minister for contempt of court in proposing an extension, the Court directed both Dr. Baburam Bhattarai and Deputy Prime Minister and Minister for Law and Justice Krishna Prasad Situala, who undersigned the amendment bill, to appear personally in court with a written reply within seven days.UML leader Pradeep Gyawali told , “The best option would be to agree on a constitution incorporating the areas of agreement between all sides, and promulgate it before May 27. If we do that, the legislature-Parliament will remain intact after that, and it can resolve the other remaining contentious issues like state restructuring.”But Mr. Poudel said the Maoists would not agree to a ‘constitution without federalism’, as that lies at the heart of the constitution. Madhesi parties and Janjati MPs too have expressed opposition to this proposal however, saying this would be a ‘conspiracy’ to derail their federal aspirations. The party whip will be enforced in Parliament, unlike in the CA which adds to the apprehensions of ethnic lawmakers who want to retain the option of voting against their party decision on issues like federalism. Mr. Gyawali admitted there was a trust deficit. “Madhesis, Janjatis and women feel that future house will not address their concerns. We need to win their trust.”Lawyers said if the CA gets dissolved without the constitution being written, the institution of the presidency and the government of the day would continue to exist.

      Today is the Last Day for drafting the constitution. Noone knows what will happen. But all Nepali would surely hope for the constitution till the end. The political parties are trying their best throughout the day to come to an agreement and provide what all the Nepalese wanted for 4 years till the midnight of the day. Will the agreements made on a single day fulfill the demand of constitution of Nepalese ??? What if political parties are not successful in drafting constitution today??? What will be our FUTURE ???Questions all over but noone to answer them. All we can do is hope that the Political parties reach an agreement and draft constitution today.

                               HOPE FOR THE BEST,BE PREPARED FOR THE WORST                                                          

  Dreams do get shattered after long await.After these 4 years People dreams again got shattered the aim of Constituent Assembly wasn’t completed now it has been dismantled and country is going to organize an election after 5 months. There was decisions at the last moments but the parties again show love for the government rather than solving the burning issues. Nepali Congress and UML have not sided with the government.While Maoist and Madhesi Forum are in support of the government. Till now the opposition of the government are asking for the resignation of Prime Minister Baburam Bhattarai.The Cabinet has decided to go for fresh people’s mandate despite the reservations from the ministers of CPN-UML and fringe parties.In a Cabinet meeting held at Singha Durbar on Sunday night, Prime Minister Baburam Bhattarai proposed fresh Constituent Assembly elections in November. However, the ministers representing the CPN-UML and other fringe parties refused the proposal outright.Deputy Prime Minister and UML leader Ishwor Pokhrel walked out of the meeting after the prime minister put forth the proposal for holding CA elections on November 22.An emergency Cabinet meeting was convened after several rounds of negotations between the top brass leaders of major political parties failed to sort out the major contentious issues of constitution.According to a source close to Prime Minister Baburam Bhattarai, the government announced fresh elections.Meanwhile, Prime Minister Bhattarai addressesed the nation at 11:45 after informing the President about the same Cabinet decision.

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